Introduction
Windham County:
2018 Population = 42,756
2018 Percent of State = 6.8%
Vermont:
2018 Population = 626,299
2018 Percent of State = 0.2%
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of Windham County with comparisons to Vermont and the nation at large. This analysis features alternative approaches toward discussing, diagnosing and comparing Windham County vs. Vermont's population growth over 1969-2018. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Page 2 of 13
Population, 1969-2018
Population, 1969-2018
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks Windham County's annual population for the period 1969-2018 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 50-year period, Windham County's population rose from 32,949 in 1969 to 42,756 in 2018, for a net gain of 9,807, or 29.8%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Page 3 of 13
Population, 1969-2018
Population, 1969-2018
Figure 2.
Figure 2 traces Vermont's annual population for the period 1969-2018 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 50-year period, Vermont's population rose from 437,000 in 1969 to 626,299 in 2018, for a net gain of 189,299, or 43.3%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Page 4 of 13
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2018
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2018
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Windham County's population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Vermont, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Windham County's overall population growth was 29.8% over 1969-2018 trailed Vermont's increase of 43.3%, and fell below the United States' increase of 62.5%.
Page 5 of 13
Population as a Percent of the Vermont Total: 1969-2018
Population as a Percent of the Vermont Total: 1969-2018
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the population growth of Windham County is to trace its individual percentage contributions to Vermont's statewide population over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's population grew faster, or declined less, than Vermont's population, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Windham County's population totaled 7.5% of Vermont's population, while in 2018 it equated to 6.8% thereby yielding a -0.7% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2018 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2018
vs.
1969
-0.71%
=
6.83%
-
7.54%
 
   
Page 6 of 13
Windham County Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2018
Windham County Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2018
Figure 5.
Figure 5 shows the short-run pattern of Windham County's population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2018. The average annual percent change for the entire 49-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Windham County's population grew at an annual rate of 0.54% over 1970-2018. The county recorded its highest growth in 1975 (2.42%) and posted its lowest growth in 2015 (-0.94%). In 2018, Windham County's population declined by -0.35%
Page 7 of 13
Windham County Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2018
Windham County Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2018
Figure 6.
Over the past five decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again traces the annual percent change in Windham County's population since 1970, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2018.
During the 1970s, Windham County's annual population growth rate averaged 1.08%. It averaged 1.22% in the 1980s, 0.66% during the 1990s, 0.06% during the 2000s, and -0.43% thus far this decade (2010 to 2018).
Page 8 of 13
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Windham County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Vermont and the nation. As the chart reveals, Windham County's average annual population growth amounted to less than Vermont's average in the 1970s (1.08% vs. 1.47%), outpaced Vermont's average in the 1980s (1.22% vs. 0.98%), fell below Vermont's average during the 1990s (0.66% vs. 0.81%), lagged Vermont's average in the 2000s (0.06% vs. 0.33%), and posted below Vermont's average over the 9 year period of the last decade, 2010-2018 (-0.43% vs. 0.03%).
Finally, relative to nationwide population growth trends, Windham County fell below the nation during the 1970s (1.08% vs. 1.10%), exceeded the nation during the 1980s (1.22% vs. 0.95%), lagged the nation in the 1990s (0.66% vs. 1.23%), lagged the nation throughout the 2000s (0.06% vs. 0.95%), and lagged the nation over 2010-2018 (-0.43% vs. 0.72%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.54
1.08
1.22
0.66
0.06
-0.43
-0.35
 
0.74
1.47
0.98
0.81
0.33
0.03
0.28
 
1.00
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.72
0.62
 
   
Page 9 of 13

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Windham County:
Population, 1969-2018
 
1969
 
32,949
100.0
N
7.54
1970
 
33,607
102.0
2.00
7.53
1971
 
34,263
104.0
1.95
7.54
1972
 
35,046
106.4
2.29
7.57
1973
 
34,946
106.1
-0.29
7.46
1974
 
34,798
105.6
-0.42
7.35
1975
 
35,640
108.2
2.42
7.43
1976
 
35,470
107.7
-0.48
7.31
1977
 
35,546
107.9
0.21
7.22
1978
 
36,342
110.3
2.24
7.29
1979
 
36,666
111.3
0.89
7.25
1980
 
37,027
112.4
0.98
7.22
1981
 
37,316
113.3
0.78
7.24
1982
 
37,686
114.4
0.99
7.26
1983
 
38,177
115.9
1.30
7.30
1984
 
38,676
117.4
1.31
7.34
1985
 
38,944
118.2
0.69
7.35
1986
 
39,398
119.6
1.17
7.38
1987
 
39,872
121.0
1.20
7.38
1988
 
40,830
123.9
2.40
7.43
1989
 
41,375
125.6
1.33
7.42
1990
 
41,721
126.6
0.84
7.39
1991
 
41,653
126.4
-0.16
7.33
1992
 
42,091
127.7
1.05
7.35
1993
 
42,427
128.8
0.80
7.34
1994
 
43,115
130.9
1.62
7.38
1995
 
43,433
131.8
0.74
7.37
1996
 
43,838
133.0
0.93
7.38
1997
 
44,199
134.1
0.82
7.40
1998
 
44,088
133.8
-0.25
7.34
1999
 
44,179
134.1
0.21
7.31
2000
 
44,074
133.8
-0.24
7.23
2001
 
43,998
133.5
-0.17
7.19
2002
 
44,122
133.9
0.28
7.17
2003
 
44,353
134.6
0.52
7.18
2004
 
44,241
134.3
-0.25
7.14
2005
 
44,187
134.1
-0.12
7.11
2006
 
44,390
134.7
0.46
7.13
2007
 
44,444
134.9
0.12
7.13
2008
 
44,407
134.8
-0.08
7.11
2009
 
44,441
134.9
0.08
7.11
2010
 
44,505
135.1
0.14
7.11
2011
 
44,239
134.3
-0.60
7.06
2012
 
43,998
133.5
-0.54
7.03
2013
 
43,889
133.2
-0.25
7.01
2014
 
43,663
132.5
-0.51
6.98
2015
 
43,252
131.3
-0.94
6.92
2016
 
43,172
131.0
-0.18
6.92
2017
 
42,906
130.2
-0.62
6.87
2018
 
42,756
129.8
-0.35
6.83
Source: Calculations by the Vermont Regional Economic Analysis Project (VT-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2019
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   
Page 10 of 13

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Vermont:
Population, 1969-2018
 
1969
 
437,000
100.0
N
0.22
1970
 
446,323
102.1
2.13
0.22
1971
 
454,357
104.0
1.80
0.22
1972
 
463,214
106.0
1.95
0.22
1973
 
468,533
107.2
1.15
0.22
1974
 
473,138
108.3
0.98
0.22
1975
 
479,894
109.8
1.43
0.22
1976
 
485,144
111.0
1.09
0.22
1977
 
492,174
112.6
1.45
0.22
1978
 
498,284
114.0
1.24
0.22
1979
 
505,711
115.7
1.49
0.23
1980
 
512,524
117.3
1.35
0.23
1981
 
515,594
118.0
0.60
0.22
1982
 
519,108
118.8
0.68
0.22
1983
 
523,302
119.7
0.81
0.22
1984
 
526,658
120.5
0.64
0.22
1985
 
530,035
121.3
0.64
0.22
1986
 
534,066
122.2
0.76
0.22
1987
 
540,267
123.6
1.16
0.22
1988
 
549,763
125.8
1.76
0.22
1989
 
557,708
127.6
1.45
0.23
1990
 
564,798
129.2
1.27
0.23
1991
 
568,606
130.1
0.67
0.22
1992
 
572,751
131.1
0.73
0.22
1993
 
577,748
132.2
0.87
0.22
1994
 
583,836
133.6
1.05
0.22
1995
 
589,002
134.8
0.88
0.22
1996
 
593,701
135.9
0.80
0.22
1997
 
597,239
136.7
0.60
0.22
1998
 
600,416
137.4
0.53
0.22
1999
 
604,683
138.4
0.71
0.22
2000
 
609,618
139.5
0.82
0.22
2001
 
612,223
140.1
0.43
0.21
2002
 
615,442
140.8
0.53
0.21
2003
 
617,858
141.4
0.39
0.21
2004
 
619,920
141.9
0.33
0.21
2005
 
621,215
142.2
0.21
0.21
2006
 
622,892
142.5
0.27
0.21
2007
 
623,481
142.7
0.09
0.21
2008
 
624,151
142.8
0.11
0.21
2009
 
624,817
143.0
0.11
0.20
2010
 
625,880
143.2
0.17
0.20
2011
 
626,979
143.5
0.18
0.20
2012
 
626,063
143.3
-0.15
0.20
2013
 
626,212
143.3
0.02
0.20
2014
 
625,218
143.1
-0.16
0.20
2015
 
625,197
143.1
0.00
0.19
2016
 
623,644
142.7
-0.25
0.19
2017
 
624,525
142.9
0.14
0.19
2018
 
626,299
143.3
0.28
0.19
Source: Calculations by the Vermont Regional Economic Analysis Project (VT-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2019
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   
Page 11 of 13

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Population, 1969-2018
 
1969
 
201,298,000
100.0
N
1970
 
203,798,722
101.2
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
102.7
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
104.0
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
105.0
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
106.0
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
107.0
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
108.1
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
109.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
110.3
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
111.6
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
112.9
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
114.0
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
115.1
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
116.1
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
117.2
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
118.2
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
119.3
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
120.4
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
121.5
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
122.6
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
124.0
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
125.7
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
127.4
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
129.1
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
130.7
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
132.3
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
133.8
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
135.4
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
137.0
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
138.6
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
140.2
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
141.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
142.9
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
144.1
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
145.5
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
146.8
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
148.2
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
149.6
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
151.1
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
152.4
0.88
2010
 
309,326,085
153.7
0.83
2011
 
311,580,009
154.8
0.73
2012
 
313,874,218
155.9
0.74
2013
 
316,057,727
157.0
0.70
2014
 
318,386,421
158.2
0.74
2015
 
320,742,673
159.3
0.74
2016
 
323,071,342
160.5
0.73
2017
 
325,147,121
161.5
0.64
2018
 
327,167,434
162.5
0.62
Source: Calculations by the Vermont Regional Economic Analysis Project (VT-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2019
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PN
 
   
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