Essex County vs. Vermont
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Population Growth and Change, 1969-2017
Introduction
Essex County:
2017 Population = 6,230
2017 Percent of State = 1.0%
Vermont:
2017 Population = 623,657
2017 Percent of State = 0.2%
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of Essex County with comparisons to Vermont and the nation at large. This analysis features alternative approaches toward discussing, diagnosing and comparing Essex County vs. Vermont's population growth over 1969-2017. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Population, 1969-2017
Population, 1969-2017
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks Essex County's annual population for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Essex County's population rose from 5,475 in 1969 to 6,230 in 2017, for a net gain of 755, or 13.8%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population, 1969-2017
Population, 1969-2017
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Vermont's annual population for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Vermont's population rose from 437,000 in 1969 to 623,657 in 2017, for a net gain of 186,657, or 42.7%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Essex County's population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Vermont, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Essex County's overall population growth was 13.8% over 1969-2017 trailed Vermont's increase of 42.7%, and fell below the United States' increase of 61.8%.
Population as a Percent of the Vermont Total: 1969-2017
Population as a Percent of the Vermont Total: 1969-2017
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the population growth of Essex County is to trace its individual percentage contributions to Vermont's statewide population over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's population grew faster, or declined less, than Vermont's population, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Essex County's population comprised 1.25% of Vermont's population, while in 2017 it equated to 1.00% thereby yielding a -0.25% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2017 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2017
vs.
1969
-0.25%
=
1.00%
-
1.25%
 
   
Essex County Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Essex County Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Figure 5.
Figure 5 displays the short-run pattern of Essex County's population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2017. The average annual percent change for the entire 48-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Essex County's population grew at an annual rate of 0.29% over 1970-2017. The county recorded its highest growth in 1974 (6.65%) and recorded its lowest growth in 1978 (-5.47%). In 2017, Essex County's population declined by -0.16%
Essex County Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Essex County Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Figure 6.
Over the past four decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again illustrates the annual percent change in Essex County's population since 1970, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2017.
During the 1970s, Essex County's annual population growth rate averaged 1.03%. It averaged 0.66% in the 1980s, 0.06% in the 1990s, -0.21% in the 2000s, and -0.20% thus far this decade (2010 to 2017).
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Essex County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Vermont and the nation. As the chart reveals, Essex County's average annual population growth amounted to less than Vermont's average throughout the 1970s (1.03% vs. 1.47%), lagged Vermont's average in the 1980s (0.66% vs. 0.98%), lagged Vermont's average throughout the 1990s (0.06% vs. 0.81%), trailed Vermont's average throughout the 2000s (-0.21% vs. 0.33%), and amounted to less than Vermont's average over the 8 year period of the last decade, 2010-2017 (-0.20% vs. -0.02%).
Finally, relative to nationwide population growth trends, Essex County recorded underneath the nation throughout the 1970s (1.03% vs. 1.10%), recorded underneath the nation throughout the 1980s (0.66% vs. 0.95%), fell below the nation in the 1990s (0.06% vs. 1.23%), fell under the nation in the 2000s (-0.21% vs. 0.95%), and recorded underneath the nation over 2010-2017 (-0.20% vs. 0.75%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.29
1.03
0.66
0.06
-0.21
-0.20
-0.16
 
0.75
1.47
0.98
0.81
0.33
-0.02
0.05
 
1.01
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.75
0.72
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Essex County:
Population, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
5,475
100.0
N
1.25
1970
 
5,450
99.5
-0.46
1.22
1971
 
5,553
101.4
1.89
1.22
1972
 
5,592
102.1
0.70
1.21
1973
 
5,611
102.5
0.34
1.20
1974
 
5,984
109.3
6.65
1.26
1975
 
6,005
109.7
0.35
1.25
1976
 
6,227
113.7
3.70
1.28
1977
 
6,129
111.9
-1.57
1.25
1978
 
5,794
105.8
-5.47
1.16
1979
 
6,034
110.2
4.14
1.19
1980
 
6,291
114.9
4.26
1.23
1981
 
6,195
113.2
-1.53
1.20
1982
 
6,154
112.4
-0.66
1.19
1983
 
6,199
113.2
0.73
1.18
1984
 
6,115
111.7
-1.36
1.16
1985
 
6,182
112.9
1.10
1.17
1986
 
6,179
112.9
-0.05
1.16
1987
 
6,226
113.7
0.76
1.15
1988
 
6,348
115.9
1.96
1.15
1989
 
6,433
117.5
1.34
1.15
1990
 
6,411
117.1
-0.34
1.14
1991
 
6,372
116.4
-0.61
1.12
1992
 
6,462
118.0
1.41
1.13
1993
 
6,482
118.4
0.31
1.12
1994
 
6,402
116.9
-1.23
1.10
1995
 
6,403
116.9
0.02
1.09
1996
 
6,356
116.1
-0.73
1.07
1997
 
6,346
115.9
-0.16
1.06
1998
 
6,413
117.1
1.06
1.07
1999
 
6,469
118.2
0.87
1.07
2000
 
6,445
117.7
-0.37
1.06
2001
 
6,467
118.1
0.34
1.06
2002
 
6,503
118.8
0.56
1.06
2003
 
6,480
118.4
-0.35
1.05
2004
 
6,478
118.3
-0.03
1.04
2005
 
6,450
117.8
-0.43
1.04
2006
 
6,341
115.8
-1.69
1.02
2007
 
6,421
117.3
1.26
1.03
2008
 
6,404
117.0
-0.26
1.03
2009
 
6,331
115.6
-1.14
1.01
2010
 
6,312
115.3
-0.30
1.01
2011
 
6,323
115.5
0.17
1.01
2012
 
6,224
113.7
-1.57
0.99
2013
 
6,193
113.1
-0.50
0.99
2014
 
6,155
112.4
-0.61
0.98
2015
 
6,195
113.2
0.65
0.99
2016
 
6,240
114.0
0.73
1.00
2017
 
6,230
113.8
-0.16
1.00
Source: Calculations by the Vermont Regional Economic Analysis Project (VT-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Vermont:
Population, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
437,000
100.0
N
0.22
1970
 
446,323
102.1
2.13
0.22
1971
 
454,357
104.0
1.80
0.22
1972
 
463,214
106.0
1.95
0.22
1973
 
468,533
107.2
1.15
0.22
1974
 
473,138
108.3
0.98
0.22
1975
 
479,894
109.8
1.43
0.22
1976
 
485,144
111.0
1.09
0.22
1977
 
492,174
112.6
1.45
0.22
1978
 
498,284
114.0
1.24
0.22
1979
 
505,711
115.7
1.49
0.23
1980
 
512,524
117.3
1.35
0.23
1981
 
515,594
118.0
0.60
0.22
1982
 
519,108
118.8
0.68
0.22
1983
 
523,302
119.7
0.81
0.22
1984
 
526,658
120.5
0.64
0.22
1985
 
530,035
121.3
0.64
0.22
1986
 
534,066
122.2
0.76
0.22
1987
 
540,267
123.6
1.16
0.22
1988
 
549,763
125.8
1.76
0.22
1989
 
557,708
127.6
1.45
0.23
1990
 
564,798
129.2
1.27
0.23
1991
 
568,606
130.1
0.67
0.22
1992
 
572,751
131.1
0.73
0.22
1993
 
577,748
132.2
0.87
0.22
1994
 
583,836
133.6
1.05
0.22
1995
 
589,002
134.8
0.88
0.22
1996
 
593,701
135.9
0.80
0.22
1997
 
597,239
136.7
0.60
0.22
1998
 
600,416
137.4
0.53
0.22
1999
 
604,683
138.4
0.71
0.22
2000
 
609,618
139.5
0.82
0.22
2001
 
612,223
140.1
0.43
0.21
2002
 
615,442
140.8
0.53
0.21
2003
 
617,858
141.4
0.39
0.21
2004
 
619,920
141.9
0.33
0.21
2005
 
621,215
142.2
0.21
0.21
2006
 
622,892
142.5
0.27
0.21
2007
 
623,481
142.7
0.09
0.21
2008
 
624,151
142.8
0.11
0.21
2009
 
624,817
143.0
0.11
0.20
2010
 
625,842
143.2
0.16
0.20
2011
 
626,210
143.3
0.06
0.20
2012
 
625,606
143.2
-0.10
0.20
2013
 
626,044
143.3
0.07
0.20
2014
 
625,665
143.2
-0.06
0.20
2015
 
624,455
142.9
-0.19
0.19
2016
 
623,354
142.6
-0.18
0.19
2017
 
623,657
142.7
0.05
0.19
Source: Calculations by the Vermont Regional Economic Analysis Project (VT-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Population, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
201,298,000
100.0
N
1970
 
203,798,722
101.2
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
102.7
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
104.0
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
105.0
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
106.0
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
107.0
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
108.1
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
109.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
110.3
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
111.6
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
112.9
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
114.0
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
115.1
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
116.1
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
117.2
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
118.2
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
119.3
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
120.4
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
121.5
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
122.6
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
124.0
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
125.7
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
127.4
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
129.1
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
130.7
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
132.3
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
133.8
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
135.4
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
137.0
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
138.6
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
140.2
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
141.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
142.9
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
144.1
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
145.5
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
146.8
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
148.2
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
149.6
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
151.1
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
152.4
0.88
2010
 
309,338,421
153.7
0.84
2011
 
311,644,280
154.8
0.75
2012
 
313,993,272
156.0
0.75
2013
 
316,234,505
157.1
0.71
2014
 
318,622,525
158.3
0.76
2015
 
321,039,839
159.5
0.76
2016
 
323,405,935
160.7
0.74
2017
 
325,719,178
161.8
0.72
Source: Calculations by the Vermont Regional Economic Analysis Project (VT-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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